Home > Introducing the Traditional Crafts of Tokyo > 19 Tokyo Honzome Yukata(Indigo Dyed Summer Kimono)

Tokyo Honzome Yukata
(Indigo-Dyed Summer Kimono)

19 Tokyo Honzome Yukata(Indigo Dyed Summer Kimono)
Main Areas of Manufacture
Edogawa Ward, Adachi Ward, Katsushika Ward
Designation/Certification Dates
December 27th, 1983 (Tokyo Certification)
Traditional Technologies and Techniques
  1. Handmade Japanese paper is treated with a preparation of persimmon juice and matched with a backing paper in order to become stencil paper; designs are cut using separate but similar backing paper (These designs are then overlaid the stencil paper for stenciling).
  2. The application of stencils to textiles is carried out by hand.
  3. Dyeing is done by hand using a unique technique called chusen (in which the dye is poured).
Traditionally Used Raw Materials
Cotton textiles
History and Characteristics

As a term, "yukata" ("bathing clothing") was featured in the Engishiki ("The Legal Codes of the Engi Era"), a book written in the early Heian Period (around the end of the 8th century). More recently, in 1713 (the third year of the Shotoku Era), "yukata" were discussed in the Wakan Sansai Zue ("The Illustrated Sino-Japanese Encyclopedia"). In this work, there were numerous references to the wearing of unlined kimono during and after bathing.

At around the same time, yokudo (bath houses) were being built by a number of temples as attachments to their facilities.

When using these baths, there were strict rules against the exposure of skin. Thus, bathers made sure to wear simple coverings. These coverings came to be known as yukatabira or meii.

Initially, much of the material used to make yukatabira was white raw silk. However, over time it seems that patterned materials came into use. Moreover, yukatabira came to be known by other names including yugu ("a bathing tool"), minugui ("a cover up"), yumaki ("a bathing wrap") and koshimaki ("a waist wrap").

There were also changes to how such clothing was worn. By the middle of the Edo Period, "yukata" were something worn after rather than during bathing.

At the end of the Shogunate, there were numerous woodblock prints of beauties dressed in "yukata". The imagery of people wearing "yukata" while at public bathhouses became somewhat of a cultural staple.

The development of bathhouses coupled with the "character of the Edokko" (the self-identity of those people born and bred in Edo), contributed to the quality of "yukata" improving over time.

Another factor that cannot be forgotten is the impact of the theater on the "yukata" culture.

In the famous Kabuki play called "Sukeroku" (one of the 18 plays associated with the Ichikawa Danjuro line of actors), the character Kampera Mombei appears on the stage partially-dressed (without an obi belt) in a "yukata" made from white Moka cotton dyed with indigo (the same cotton now being produced in Moka City, Tochigi Prefecture).

In modern times, "yukata" are associated with fairs, festivals, evening breezes, and fireworks, etc., all these elements being imagery that is an integral part of Japanese summer traditions.

Furthermore, it is said that "yukata" only became a normal summer dress item once Japan had entered the Meiji Era (1868-1912).

Contact Details
Manufacturing Area
Cooperative Name
Kanto Chusen Manufacturing Cooperative Association
Addressc/o Tokyo Wazarashi Co., Ltd, 4-14-9
Tateishi, Katsushika Ward, Tokyo 124-0012
Telephone No.03 (3693) 3333
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